General Surgeon Overview

A general surgeon is a physician who has been educated and trained in the diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of patient care. Surgery requires knowledge of anatomy, emergency and intensive care, immunology, metabolism, nutrition, pathology, physiology, shock and resuscitation, and wound healing.

Physicians choosing to enter the field of surgery may specialize in one of 14 areas:

  • cardiothoracic
  • general surgery
  • gynecologic oncology
  • ophthalmic (eye)
  • orthopaedic
  • pediatric
  • urology
  • colon and rectal
  • gynecology and obstetrics
  • neurological
  • oral and maxillofacial (jaws and face)
  • otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose, and throat)
  • plastic and maxillofacial
  • vascular
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